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HPV Specialist

Obstetrics & Gynecology Li Fan MD, INC -  - Board Certified Obstetrics & Gynecology

Obstetrics & Gynecology Li Fan MD, INC

Board Certified Obstetrics & Gynecologist located in Rancho Bernardo, Poway, CA

Looking to get your annual Pap smear or want information to avoid the possible consequences of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection-related cancers and diseases? Contact Dr. Li Fan at Obstetrics & Gynecology Li Fan MD, INC in Rancho Bernardo, Poway, California. Dr. Fan offers cervical cancer screening exams and preventive vaccinations against HPV. To learn more about sexually transmitted infections and the vaccination schedule, call or click to schedule an appointment today.


What is HPV?

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a group of about 150 viruses named for the warts (papillomas) some HPV strains cause. It’s the most common sexually transmitted infection in the United States. For most people, it clears up by itself, but in some, it can cause cancer and other diseases.

How do people get infected with HPV?

Intimate skin-to-skin contact transmits HPV, and you can get the infection by having oral, anal, or vaginal sex with an infected person. You can get infected even if your partner doesn’t show any signs or symptoms.

What are the symptoms of HPV?

Unlike other STDs like gonorrhea and chlamydia, which cause vaginal discharge, most women with HPV do not have any symptoms. Hence, a regular Pap smear beginning at age 21 is recommended.

What diseases are caused by HPV?

Most people infected with HPV will not exhibit any symptoms of the disease, and it clears up by itself in two years. In others It causes:

  • Genital warts
  • Cancers of the cervix, vulva, and vagina in women
  • Cancers of the penis in men
  • Cancers of the anus and back of the throat in both sexes

Can HPV be prevented?

HPV can be prevented by practicing safe sex and being in a monogamous relationship. The other way is to get vaccinated before you are sexually active. The vaccines offer protection against a few types of HPV.  

Do I still need a Pap smear if I’m already vaccinated?

You still need to undergo regular Pap smears even if you’ve completed your vaccination schedule. If you have an abnormal Pap result, Dr. Fan will plan a colposcopy to examine your cervix. She also performs a colposcopy-guided biopsy to rule out any precancerous or cancerous lesions.

What is the next step if I have abnormal cervical cancer screening results?

Dr. Fan plans a loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP), to scrape a thin layer off the cervix as an outpatient procedure. The procedure takes only a few minutes. You’ll have regular follow-up visits to ensure that the abnormal cells have been removed.

Call or click to schedule a Pap smear appointment today.